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CKD progress stage 3 to 4

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    • International Airport in Indonesia (36) Fri11,11:41am

      Seperti yang dikaatakan sebelumnya, penerbangan yang dapat dilayani oleh Banadar Internasional bukan hanya penerbangan internasional (antar negara) saja, namun juga penerbangan domestik. Juhnya jarak penerbangan ini tidak ditentukan, bahkan jarak yang ditempuh sebuah penerbangan internasional bisa jadi lebih pendek dibandingkan dengan jarak penerbangan domestik (misal jarak penerbangan Jakarta 窶 S…

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CKD progress stage 3 to 4

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stage 4 is on the path to kidney failure, but there is little information on the risks associated with progression to Stage 4ツper se. The objective of this study is to determine how progression from Stage 3 to Stage 4 CKD alters morbidity and mortality in a referred cohort of patients.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective cohort study consisting of 1607 patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 30窶59 mL/min/1.73 m2ツreferred to a nephrologist at a tertiary care center in Ontario, Canada, between January 2001 and December 2008. Interim progression from Stage 3 to Stage 4 chronic kidney disease was defined by two independent outpatient eGFR values <30 mL/min/1.73 m2. Death, acute kidney injury (AKI) and all-cause hospitalizations subsequent to Stage 4 progression, but prior to the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), ascertained from administrative databases.

Results

The mean (standard deviation) baseline eGFR was 43 (8) mL/min/1.73 m2. Over 2.66 years (interquartile range: 1.42窶4.45), 344 (21%) patients progressed to Stage 4, 47 (3%) developed ESRD, 188 (12%) patients died, 143 (9%) were hospitalized with AKI and 688 (43%) were hospitalized for any reason. Compared with patients who did not progress to Stage 4, those who did progress had significantly higher adjusted risks of death [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.56, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.75窶3.75], AKI (HR = 2.32, 95% CI: 1.44窶3.74) and all-cause hospitalization (HR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.45窶2.42).

Conclusions

Progression from Stage 3 to Stage 4 CKD is associated with increased risks of death, AKI and hospitalization prior to ESRD.

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